Turki Mustafa, Baladi News
The Kurdish units colluded with Assad's regime and managed to control vast territories in Syria in a short time under a Russian-American support as they controlled most of the border regions with Turkey and the majority of al-Hasakah governorate and its countryside, along with Tal Abyadh, Manbij, Afrin, and some villages in the countryside of Azaz, while Assad supplied them with tons of arms to fight the Syrian Free army and change the demographic plan of the region. The relation between Assad and the Kurdish units is not new as it dates back to the eightieths and ninetieths when Assad the father embraced Abdullah Öcalan, the leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), in an attempt to destabilize Turkey, but the latter combated this project with a massive military operation that led to the arrest of Öcalan and forced Assad to sign Adana agreement that obliged him to pursue the members of PKK and he killed hundreds of them. With the outbreak of the Syrian revolution, Assad the son has returned to invest PYD's militia which is derived from PKK and he has good relations and a number of agreements with them. With the developments of the situation in Syria, the US has created a military alliance under the name of Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) which is formed a group of Kurd, Arab, and Assyrians mercenaries and this militia also has strategical relation with Assad as it managed under his support to control over vast regions of the Syrian north and stormed into al-Raqqa, the capital of ISIS, concurrently with a campaign by Assad's regime and its allied militias on the city. However, the race to control al-Raqqa has become hectic and the relation between the two allies has developed into a military clash on the outskirts of the city.
The Strategy of "Assad-SDF" Alliance
PYD adopts the strategy of subjugating the regions that are out of Assad's control with the force of arms and it follows the principle of forcible normalization in the regions it conquers and though its military and political activity has become a fait accompli, especially after signing an agreement with the pro-Assad militias with Arab majority under the name of Syrian Democratic Forces. After the rush of "SDF" to expand on the vital regions of the Euphrates valley under the pretext of combating terrorism, they started to revenge on Arabs and accused them of being the incubator of "ISIS" and though they robbed their property and displaced them from their houses, not to mention captivating them in their horrendous arresting camps. The ongoing developments in the region of Euphrates valley indicate that PYD and Assad's regime share the influence in this region, but Assad is the strongest party in this equation due to its expertise in dealing with the Kurdistan party and managing it. After the outbreak of the Syrian revolution, the relation between Assad's regime and SDF has developed from cracking down the Syrian Free army into fighting joint battles in Aleppo, then the race towards al-Raqqa started and the partners met on the western outskirts of Manbij then continued towards al-Raqqa and that's where the dispute has started.
The Political Dimension Of "Assad-SDF" Alliance
The political project that governs the relation between PYD and Assad's regime is linked with the agendas of the active countries in the region and the main aim of this project is to ruin the efforts of the opposing parties to create a unified point of view along with undermining the political efforts to launch a political operation in Syria. This bilateral interest between the criminal shift serves the vision of PYD and its attitude which is similar to that of Russia, Assad's regime and Iran.
Washington gave the Kurds the chance to connect their cantons in Ayn al-Arab (kobani), Afrin, and the northeastern part of Syria and after occupying Tal Abyadh, the Kurdish units established local administrative institutions under the auspices and direction of Assad's regime through the presence of Assad affiliated personnel in Tal Abyadh. The Kurdish units created the militia of Syrian Democratic Forces in order to conceal their separatist project and hide their national identity, while the Russian intervention paved their way to occupy the towns and villages of northern Aleppo after expelling the Free army, but the project of the Kurdish cantons clashed with the Turkish attitude that refuses the creation of any Kurdish entity on its southern borders with Syria and though came the Euphrates Shield operation led by FSA to put an end to the separatist dream of the Kurds in Syria.
The Alliance of "Assad-SDF" in the context of International Competition
The alliance between Assad and SDF falls within the strategical dimension of controlling the cities and towns of Euphrates valley which exceeds expelling ISIS to other goals which are linked to the international agreement between Russia and the US and the other active regional forces in a competition of influence in this vital and rich region, not to mention the threat that SDF and PYD pose along the borderline with Turkey. Iran, on the other hand, is expanding in order to complete its project to control the largest part of the Syrian territories, but the US was the first to do so by its strategy that enabled it to control most of the region of Euphrates valley through its agents and mercenaries. This advancement by the US pushed Assad forces to exceed the red lines on the outskirts of al-Raqqa, but the US and SDF reacted to stop the advancement of Assad forces and their allies by downing a warplane of Assad's regime and enclosing their forces in the desert of al-Rasafah 40 km west.
The Local Dimension of the Alliance
Over the seven years of the revolution, Assad's regime and the Kurdish Protection Units coordinated with each other against the revolutionary factions and ISIS, but from time to time there were disputes and clashes between them like the recent ones in al-Raqqa and the explanation of such clashes is that Assad's regime is afraid of a close relation between the Kurdish militias and the international coalition, while PYD militias are suspicious regarding the Iranian intervention that puts pressure on Assad and diminish the Kurds. However, the criminal shift doesn't care about the number of casualties which result from their operation as far as they are Arab-Sunnis and they use all kinds of weapons under the pretext off combating terrorism. The recent disputes between Assad and SDF militias in al-Raqqa paved the way before SDF and its military arm "PYD" to occupy most of the Arab cities, but the American officials confirmed that the mission of SDF militias will end with expelling ISIS and the administration of the city will be given to its people of Arabs, while the lines of contact between Assad and SDF will stay calm and won't turn into battlefields.
The practices of Assad and SDF and their aggression on the Syrian people, including the Kurds, along with their subjection to the international forces active in Syria and the result of their disputes will make them the biggest losers on the Syrian arena and they will not have any role in the future of the country as they are involved in shedding the Syrian blood along with messing in the Syrian map through promoting for projects to divide Syria ad being a tool to execute the international agendas to share the influence in Syria.