Syrian war: The story of the dead


Saturday 18 August 2018 | 8:11 PM Damascus Time

Syrian warSyrian detaineeAssad’s prisonsdeath certificatesBashar Al Assad

  • Syrian war: The story of the dead

    Baladi - Newspapers

    Seven years had passed with no news, but Salwa could hardly believe her nephew, a Syrian activist arrested in 2011, had been dead in the last five years.

    The civil records employee shuffling through papers at her desk said: “Yes, we received the names of everyone who died inside prison.”

    Bashar Al Assad last month ordered prisons and detaining centers to update their registries, but people never expected that death certificates would not reach them, and that they would have to find out by coincidence.

    The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) estimates 80,000 Syrians were ‘made to disappear’ by the regime.

    “Before, the regime would give no details on the detained. It wouldn’t declare them dead,” head of the Syrian Network for Human Rights Abdul Gani told AFP. “Now it is, but in a barbaric way.”

    The certificates came mainly from Darayya, Ma’damiyeh and Hama prisons.  Death certificates were issued by the military hospitals. The cause stated was “death from contagious and infectious diseases.” Many former prisoners said fractures and open wounds caused by brutal torture sessions led to infectious diseases and death.

    Other death certificates stated: “On the basis of the decision of the First and Second Field Courts.” This meant they were executed after a the ruling by the Field Court.

    Silent condolences

    Salwa and her sister-in-law worried they’d be the only people at the registry asking about imprisoned relatives. “But when we got there, we saw a line out the door,” she said.

    “Most were women, mothers and sisters of detainees. Security forces stood among them, and every single woman was wiping her tears and covering her face with her scarf.”

    Weeping, Salwa went home to hold a single day of hushed condolences for two nephews: Sa’ad, arrested in 2011 and marked deceased in 2013, and Saeed, detained since 2012 and recorded to have died last year.

    The family had no bodies to bury and was afraid of grieving publicly in a regime-held city.

    My son is at peace

    The last time Islam Dabbas’s family saw him was late 2012, behind bars at a regime prison near Damascus.

    “We stopped hearing anything a while after that,” recalled his brother Abdul Rahman, who has since moved to Egypt.

    This month, a relative still in Syria learnt of the updated files and checked Islam’s.

    “It said he died on January 15, 2013 in Saydnaya,” Abdul Rahman said.

    “Honestly, it’s a relief. My mother told me, ‘He’s lucky. He’s at peace,’” Abdul Rahman said.

    They held condolences for Islam last week in Egypt, hundreds of kilometers from home and without a body.

    Death status not enough, body is needed

    But confirming what many long suspected is not enough, said Noura Gazi, a Syrian lawyer and member of the detainee advocacy group Families for Freedom. “OK, you’ve told us they’re dead, but we want to know where the bodies are. We want to know the real way they died,” Gazi said. Others are hesitating.

    The heaviest price paid in civil wars was by families, who live in limbo for years and years, looking for answers to the fate of their beloved, detained, kidnapped, or dead.

    Source: Gulf News.

    Syrian warSyrian detaineeAssad’s prisonsdeath certificatesBashar Al Assad