The population of Rukban camp in a U.S.-protected desert zone in southeast Syria has dwindled to a quarter of the more than 40,000 who lived there five months ago due to Russian moves to block supplies, Syrian aid workers, diplomats and residents say.
The fate of the camp and its residents, living near a Pentagon-run base close to the Jordanian and Iraqi borders, highlights the tussle for influence in the region between Russia and the United States.
It also exposes the same strategy of years of bitter siege imposed on former opposition bastions by Moscow and Syrian President Bashar al Assad’s forces to push rebels to capitulate.
The camps inhabitants, most of whom fled from Russian air strikes when Moscow pounded towns in eastern Homs desert several years ago, say growing hunger and poverty as a result of the blocking of food supplies had forced most to leave.
“The situation is very, very bad and food supplies are not available,” said Mahmoud al Humeili, a prominent local figure in the camp who fled Homs.
Moscow says Washington is providing a safe haven for rebels in the 55-km deconfliction zone set up by the Pentagon that is off limits to Syrian or other forces.
Russian and regime forces have laid siege to the area, preventing smugglers and traders who once bribed their way across checkpoints to deliver essential food to the camp.
Russia set up “humanitarian corridors”, which it says will allow people to return home. The men living in the camp say if they leave, they face conscription to the military or worse.
“Thousands of internally displaced persons have now fled Rukban out of desperation, taking the risk of arrest by regime forces,” reported Etana, a leading Syrian policy research group based in Amman that gathers information from civil and military sources.
The group estimated that, as of July 23, there were about 11,000 people in the camp, compared to a U.N. estimate of 41,000 in February.
Residents say at least 6,000 to 7,000 will remain because they face an uncertain future at the hands of the Syrian authorities if they returned home to government-controlled areas.
Many of those remaining would prefer to be evacuated to the last remaining opposition enclave in northwestern Syria.