New figures show the Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) has seen 18,676 people fleeing from Syria resettle in the UK, with Scotland welcoming 17% of those.
In 2015, the UK Government committed to taking in 20,000 Syrians driven from the war-torn country by 2020.
SNP MSP Linda Fabiani said: "Scotland has a long history of welcoming refugees and asylum seekers from all over the world, and as a nation we have stepped up to meet our global responsibilities in tackling the refugee crisis.
"Our ambition for Scotland is an unashamedly international and outward-looking country. And it's heartening to see communities across Scotland welcoming those fleeing conflict in Syria with open arms," she added.
"The resettlement programme is about helping families in desperate need to build secure lives, and helping people fleeing trauma to feel safe," Fabiani pointed out.
About the UK, Fabiani said: "The UK Government must do more to follow Scotland's lead, and to build a fair and humane immigration system."
A spokesman for the Home Office said: "The UK has a proud history of providing protection to those who need it.
"Over 17,000 refugees have been resettled in the UK through the Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme - and we are on track to meet our commitment to resettle 20,000 by 2020.
Source: STV News.